Run-ons

A run-on sentence is two sentences combined in one sentence without the correct punctuation

One sentence with two independent clauses and:

1. no punctuation separating them OR separated only with a conjunction – fused sentence
2. a comma separating them – comma splice

 FUSED SENTENCE

The football stadium was built years ago it has a fairly new scoreboard.
(I.C. ‘stadium’ is S, ‘was built’ is V)                    (I.C. ‘it’ is S, ‘has’ is V)

The football stadium was built years ago and it has a fairly new scoreboard.
(I.C. ‘stadium’ is S, ‘was built’ is V)                    (I.C. ‘it’ is S, ‘has’ is V)

 COMMA SPLICE

Sometimes the air conditioning goes out in our dorm, we get really hot.
(I.C. ‘air conditioning’ is S, ‘goes’ is V)                                   (I.C. ‘we’ is S, ‘get’ is V)

 To fix the problem, I prefer that you use one of three ways:

1. add a period between the two independent clauses OR
2. add a semicolon between the two independent clauses OR
3. add a comma and a FANBOYS* between the two independent clauses

(*FANBOYS are coordinating conjunctions, and they are For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So)

 

Fixing the FUSED SENTENCE

1. The football stadium was built years ago. It has a fairly new scoreboard. OR
2.The football stadium was built years ago; it has a fairly new scoreboard. OR
3. The football stadium was built years ago, but it has a fairly new scoreboard.

Fixing the COMMA SPLICE

1. Sometimes the air conditioning goes out in our dorm. We get really hot. OR
2. Sometimes the air conditioning goes out in our dorm; we get really hot. OR
3. Sometimes the air conditioning goes out in our dorm, so we get really hot.

NOTICE: you fix FUSED SENTENCES  & COMMA SPLICES in the same way

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